HAYLEY IS A GHOST

'When the going gets weird, the weird turn pro.'

Review: Ghost Hunting – A Survivors Guide

A survivors guideIn ‘Ghost Hunting – A Survivors Guide’ author John Fraser demonstrates his knowledge of ghost hunting history, presenting a great overview of the past 2000 years of ghost hunting and how it has shaped into the modern landscape of multi-disciplinary paranormal research. He asks early on ‘Does the inclusion of more people and more ghost hunters mean there is more chance of finding evidence for a ghost, or are investigations too disparate and run on individualistic lines to be anything other than just an interesting experience for those who participate in them?’

It’s an interesting question, but one the book does little to explore. There is also a lot of irrational conjecture in the 184 pages of this book. For example, the first alarm bell rang when Harry Price was described as ‘a damned good, ground-breaking investigator, who may or may not have been tempted at times to fake phenomena.’ 

borley ghost brickAlthough Price was indeed an important figure in the history of paranormal research there is a lot wrong with his work – especially the indications that he faked phenomena.

I’m sure many will instantly think of a certain photo of a certain “floating” brick at Borley Rectory, for example…

As I read Ghost Hunting – A Survivors Guide I gained the impression that Fraser knows his stuff when it comes to the history of paranormal research, but that he is doomed to repeat it and all of it’s mistakes by offering up defence after defence of unscientific methods of paranormal research. He writes of personally using Ouija Boards, for example, and also of using Table Tipping, referring to it as ‘ a powerful, if somewhat unfashionable tool of investigation’. It isn’t. You can read my thoughts on those methods here if you’re interested. 

…and although Fraser seems to share my own reservations about EMF meters, he still thinks the right sort of EMF meter should be used by ghost researchers despite the problems with this equipment he outlines in his book. He also defends the use of other pieces of pseudo-scientific equipment too.

Of using thermometers to monitor alleged cold spots he says ‘there is no theory, to the best of my knowledge, to explain why temperature should drop when a paranormal phenomenon occurs. What there is though is a general hypothesis among ghost hunters that if the production of supernatural phenomena in some way uses energy from the atmosphere, this could potentially lead to a drop in temperature.’  This is not good justification for having this in your tool kit, it also assumes paranormal phenomena is occurring.

Fraser also suggests that tape recorders, despite the many shortcomings that he personally lists, are a vital piece of equipment, stating ‘While it may well be that EVP [Electronic Voice Phenomena] can be explained naturally, this has not yet been done conclusively. It is still therefore worth checking out time to time to see if there are any direct messages picked up by your recording devices.’

This is, I think, a form of cognitive dissonance – Fraser acknowledges the irrationality of numerous ghost research methods, but seems to ignore those problems in his conclusion that these methods should still be used.

In another part of the book about Residual Haunting Theory, Fraser writes about the research of Jacques Benveniste that incorrectly suggests that water has a memory of what it has come into contact with. Some think ghosts are recorded in both the materials of building- stone tape theory – and also in water (it is often said that underground water can cause hauntings.) Fraser writes ‘While not fully accepted by all scientists, the research of Benveniste has never been disproved.’

There is no mention that no double blind control was used by Benveniste during his research.

When the paper was published in the journal Nature in 1988 one of the conditions for publication was that editor John Maddox and skeptic activist James Randi supervised a repeat of the experiment. They observed Benveniste’s team repeating the procedure which seemed to be working and showing a definite difference between the plain water and the homoeopathic water. However, the assessment of the two types of water involved a subjective evaluation by a researcher – and the researchers knew which was the plain water and which the homoeopathic. When the protocol was tightened the results were not repeated.

I am disappointed that these details were omitted by Fraser in his book. I am disappointed that paranormal researchers, like Fraser, who have a lot if influence offer irrational ideas a legitimacy they do not deserve with their non-committal attitude. I recommend that those who read this book do so with a pinch of salt. It offers an interesting insight into contemporary paranormal research, but I wouldn’t take the authors word as fact, if I were you.

6 Comments

  1. terrythecensor

    4 May, 2014 at 4:05 pm

    ‘While not fully accepted by all scientists, the research of Benveniste has never been disproved.’

    Wow.

  2. As for Benveniste …. it HASN’T BEEN PROVED …. so to declare that it hasn’t been DISPROVED makes no difference. Water in its liquid state, is ‘by nature’ exceedingly fluid.

    Whilst one may postulate that some change could be made to the molecules (at a molecular level) – this is unlikely. Also, a litre bottle of water would not constitute a larger “memory” of any significance as shaking would garble the ‘data’.

    Every time I drink a glass of water I probably imbibe a molecule, or more, that Queen Victoria pissed away during her lifetime. A molecule that could also have passed through ‘terry the censor’ or Hayley Stevens. (Those knickers are looking a bit tired, Hayley!)

    As for Ghost Hunters in general: they have no idea at all. I experienced an ‘entity’ over a period of some 15 years that ‘resided’ in our family home. A newly built house. It periodically scared the shit out of me. I have a scientific background and all I can say is that, in my experience, “Ghost Hunters” are looking in the wrong direction. They want to fulfil their expectations of what “Ghosts” are, rather than do proper research – which should be left to scientists and not some idiot with a magnetometer, static field indicator and very few brain cells!

  3. To David C. I totally agree with you; mainly because your experience closely resembles mine and my families. We have been / are experiencing strange happenings in our house and have done for the last 11 years. This, too, is a house we have owned from new and we cannot explain why the happenings started or how to stop them – we did have a deliverance minister from the local diocese visit and that seemed to help for a time. We have heard a strange “metallic” voice, witnessed a man sized shadow cross the lounge, had a wine bottle thrown against the wall amongst many other things. And yes it does scare the shit out of you!

  4. To describe James Randi as ‘skeptic activist’ is like describing Hitler as ‘not a nice person’!
    Hayley should research the term ‘pushing an agenda’ when it comes to Randi.
    An excellent case in point would be Randi’s attempt to discredit Rupert Sheldrake. While I’m not going to outline the whole case here, as it can easily be found online, but, in short, Randi went from attempting to discredit Sheldrake publicly, but it became clear that Randi simply didn’t understand Sheldrakes’ research so when that failed Randi attack him personally. This ended up with Randi having to publicly apologize to Sheldrake!

    Your ‘Skeptic Activist’ is a publicly seeking bully boy, who resorts to personal abuse when anyone dares to question is pronouncements

    • Hi, I understand. I have written criticisms about him here on this blog. Simply pop ‘James Randi’ into the search bar to see. However, the work Randi has done to expose charlatans in his time is not erased by this.

  5. Well, it is if you’re offering Randi as a paradigm of ethical research, when he’s clearly a showman interested mainly in self publicity and acts like a spoilt child when he’s criticized.

    I’m interested in genuine opened minded research into the paranormal. To me Randi is no better than Harry Price. Both enjoyed the limelight and are/were not above underhand activity and ‘slight of hand’ shenanigans to promote themselves.

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